The individual plays a significant role in achieving organisational ambidexterity. Whereas under the concepts of sequential and structural ambidexterity it is especially the decision-makers and managers who have to combine the abilities of exploitation and exploration, the approach of contextual ambidexia requires this from each individual employee.
Ambidexterity at the individual level implies that each member of the organisation masters the constant alternation between efficiency and creativity, and that they divide their resources sensibly between the two priorities on their own responsibility.
In order to enable individual ambidexterity at all, employees must be given the necessary freedom. This in turn requires ambidextrous managers, as Professor Birkinshaw explains in this video.
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